Independence Day – Introduction
Independence Day – India was a sizable, undivided country that was affluent and prosperous when the British first arrived. India was battling poverty and anarchy when they departed. India will mark its 75th anniversary of independence on August 15, 2022. The significance of the number 75 lies in the fact that, by itself, it represents the length of time India has been an independent country since throwing away the British colonists. There’s no denying that the voyage was difficult. India was a sizable, undivided country that was brimming with wealth and riches when the British arrived.
Since the colonists had partitioned the area into India and Pakistan, it was no longer undivided when they left (Present-day Bangladesh was part of Pakistan then). Given that it had been nearly 200 years since the nation had last experienced true independence, the nation was wracked by poverty, instability, and confusion.
But India made the decision to engage in combat. With its newfound independence, it initially made small steps. Even though it struggled to get past the barriers in its path, it persisted. Later, it began to comprehend the ways of the world (very literally), and one day it was discovered to be making quick progress toward improvement in every area.
One of the most well-known and admired countries in the world today is India. India has come a very long way from its status as a colony to its current status as a nation that is playing an increasingly significant role in world politics. It took 75 years to complete the trek. Let’s examine the famous and crucial milestones that molded the story and trajectory of Independent India as the 75th anniversary of Independence Day draws closer.
Pre-Independence Day Scenario:
Cultural heterogeneity lies at the heart of the diversity that makes up India. The fate of every person residing on Indian land has traditionally been determined by criteria such as religion, caste, class, gender, etc. People had been subjected as a result, which was detrimental. A glimmer of hope as well as radical changes in people’s lives were brought about by the arrival of the British.
Because of their legacy, India’s course was altered. Having access to Western education has helped India generate a number of thinkers, reformers, and philosophers. In reality, they were making matters worse while disguising their efforts to transform Indian society. Even before the British arrived, India had sociocultural and economic divisions, but what they did was merely feed and exacerbate these divisions in order to maintain control over the region.
Hindu-Muslim riots in particular had become frequent and were firmly entrenched in Indian society. When local organisations promoting the voice of their respective communities started to emerge, the situation deteriorated further. Being a party made up primarily of wealthy Hindus since its founding in 1885, the Indian National Congress was viewed as inadequate to address the issues of the minority Muslim population. In 1906, the Muslim League emerged as the community’s voice.
The notion of division, sometimes known as the “two nations theory,” was advanced as a result of disagreements between the two parties and political aspirations of the leaders. The world’s history’s most tragic chapter may have been the time of India’s division. Unrecorded or unheard in the archives were the unspoken angst, misery, and sorrow. It was surprising to see how the suffering of the people was expressed by several writers of the time. The name of one such author, Sadat Hasan Manto, is noteworthy in this context.
Significance of 15th August:
As of June 30, 1948, British rule in India must end, according to an ultimatum from Lord Mountbatten. Power would not have been transferred in accordance with the Rajagopalachari Formula, nevertheless, if India had waited until 1948. In order to avoid a crisis, Mountbatten moved the handover of power to August 1947.
According to Mountbatten, postponing the date might result in less violence and rioting. His supposition was incorrect, though. On July 6, 1947, a bill for Indian independence was presented to the British House of Commons, and it was quickly passed. According to the bill, Pakistan and India would be established as two dominions on August 15, 1947, following the end of British control in India.
Azaadi Ka Amit Mahto Sav: Independence Day
The government of India has launched this endeavour to commemorate its 75th anniversary of independence and to honour the history, culture, and accomplishments of its people. It is a homage to all those who have assisted India in realising its potential and strengthening the Atma Nirbhar Bharat vision of India 2.0. (self-reliant India). Aazaadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav officially began on March 12, 2021, and will end on August 15, 2023. To celebrate India’s 75th anniversary of independence, the Har Ghar Tiranga campaign, part of Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, is urging citizens to carry their country’s flag home and fly it high.
The dedication of individuals to nation-building is strengthened by such an activity, which fosters a sense of community and fraternity. Along with raising people’s knowledge of the national flag, it also fosters a greater sense of patriotism among them.
The Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav project also includes free admission to ASI monuments. From August 5 through August 15, the government will provide free access to the general public at all monuments protected by the Archaeological Survey of India. It has been done so that people can visit and learn about India’s extensive history.
Additionally, it will increase people’s knowledge of their forefathers and the splendour of India’s past. 75 payloads built and designed by 750 female students in India will be launched by the Indian Space Research Organisation, or ISRO. These payloads will fly aboard the Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV) during the launch, which is scheduled for August 7.
The government is emphasising local manufacture, or “Made in India,” and is “vocal” about “local” as part of the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav. The design of top-notch items for investment promotion with competitive prices will be the main goal. The active and expanding involvement of local artisans and craftspeople will be aided by this action. Independence 2.0 will be a success if it captures the spirit of India’s rich cultural legacy and carries out initiatives like Vishva Guru Bharat and Atmanirbhar Bharat.
Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav would empower young people with new opportunities, link individuals and states to foster deeper inclusiveness across the country, connect various regions of the nation with “Vande Bharat” trains, promote local art, culture, tradition, wellness, and yoga, among other things. The triumph of Independence 2.0 will be fueled by India’s rich cultural legacy and its capacity to become Vishva Guru and Atmanirbhar Bharat. India will also make a decision (Shatabdi Sankalp) during this event to direct its growth narrative over the following 25 years. The year 2047 will mark a significant milestone in India’s 100-year history of independence, and this festival is just the first in a string of anniversaries that will carve out a more glorious future.
Is India moving toward growth? The cancer cell’s nature is growth for growth’s sake. Growth without jobs is nothing more than economic disease. For many years after independence, India had growth without development, which made the wealthy richer and the poor poorer. The demographic dividend was inaccessible to India. Rise in unemployment. There are silver linings in the cloudy sky as India is commemorating the 75th anniversary of its independence.
As of July 14, 2022, the unemployment rate dropped to 7.29%. No justification for taking it easy. In cities, unemployment is declining. Compared to May, when it was 6.62 percent, rural unemployment increased significantly to 8.03 percent in June of this year. Certainly, India needs to take its economic development more seriously, with a focus on creating jobs and reducing the gap between the city and the village in terms of wealth.
Government should continue to act as a conduit, ensuring that the forces driving economic growth can operate independently and without hindrance. A national economic recovery will be sparked by enlightened entrepreneurship. The government would prefer to assume the role of an industry’s friend, philosopher, and mentor. With calm and moderation, India will weigh both public and private economic investment.
In order to ensure growth and the creation of jobs, India needs to strategically plan its economic development through new ideas and initiatives. Through the right courses, we should put an emphasis on skill development, which will increase students’ and young people’s capacity. India needs to elevate itself to the top spot on the global talent and competency map. The nation’s efforts at skilling up, retraining, and multi-skilling should be centred on training for a living, and this should be reflected in the employment policy.
In order for India to advance in the global labor market, world-class institutions for the development of human resources and skills should be established in each of its states. These states should become the nation’s leading employment markets.
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