What is Quantum Computing?
Quantum computing is a zone of computing which is focused on developing computer technology based on the concept of quantum theory. Computers used today can only encode data in bits that take the value of 1 or 0 limiting their ability.
Quantum computing, further, uses quantum bits or qubits. It harnesses the unique ability of subatomic particles that enables them to exist in more than 1 state, that is 1 and 0 at the same time.
Superposition and entanglement are 2 features of quantum physics on which these supercomputers are based on. This empowers quantum computers to control operations at speeds exponentially elevated than conventional computers and at considerably lesser energy consumption.
The sector of quantum computing began in the 1980s. It was then discovered that certain computational difficulties could be tackled more effectively with quantum algorithms than with their classical counterparts.
Quantum computing contributes greatly in the fields of economics, military affairs and intelligence, drug design and discovery, aerospace designing, utilities, polymer design, machine learning [ML] and artificial intelligence, huge information research, and digital manufacturing.
Its potential and projected market size have engaged some of the most prominent technology companies to work in the field of quantum computing, including IBM, Microsoft, Google, Alibaba, Nokia, Intel, Airbus, HP, Toshiba, Mitsubishi, SK Telecom, NEC, Raytheon, Lockheed Martin, Rigetti, Biogen, Volkswagen, etc.
Quantum Computing – Benefits
Computers using qubits rather than bits will have many benefits over the classical computers we use today. Quantum search can increase the speed and accuracy of machine searching. This, as well as Shor’s algorithm for factoring integers at large scales, means that quantum computers will be able to decrypt some of the most robust computer encryption in today. As well as snapping down cryptography, quantum computers will be able to simulate multiplex systems on the scale of galaxies, as well as the human brain and DNA.
Underpinning these benefits is the exceptional speed at which quantum computers can process data. Rapid advances in quantum computing imply that quantum supremacy is very close. Using the HHL algorithm to decode linear equations, quantum computers are expected to be crucially faster than their classical electronic counterparts.
The benefits of quantum computing have a bearing on a wide array of computer applications. Forecasting, for instance of the weather or monetary markets, has drastically upgraded with the computational power of modern computers and will advance quickly with the processing speed and quantum simulation capability of quantum computing.
Quantum Computer vs Classical Computer:
Quantum computers process information differently. Classical computers work with transistors, which are either 1 or 0. Quantum computers work with qubits, which can be 1 or 0 at the same time. The number of qubits connected together raises the quantum computing power rapidly. Meanwhile, connecting together more transistors only raises power linearly.
Classical computers are best for daily tasks that need to be completed by a computer. Meanwhile, quantum computers are eminent for running simulations and data examination, such as for chemical or drug trials. These computers must be kept ultra-cold, however. They are also much more costly and difficult to build.
Classical computing advances involve adding memory to speed up computers. Meanwhile, quantum computers help solve more complicated problems. While quantum computers may not be with Microsoft Word better or faster, they can run multiplex problems faster. For instance, Google’s quantum computer that is in development could aid with numerous processes, such as speed up machine learning training or help to create extra energy efficient batteries.
Quantum computing has several other applications, including securely sharing data. Other practices include fighting cancer and various health concerns, like cancer and developing new drugs. As well, quantum computers can help to improve radars and their potential to detect such things as missiles and aircraft. Other aspects include the environment and using quantum computing to keep the water clean with the help of chemical sensors.
Real World Example of a Quantum Computer:
Google is spending billions of dollars on its plan to build its quantum computer by 2029. The company has opened a campus in California, called Google AI, to help it meet its aim. Google has been investing in this technology for ages. As well, so have other companies, such as Honeywell International and International Business Machine. IBM expects to hit vital quantum computing milestones in the future.
While some companies have created personal and expensive quantum computers, there is still nothing handy on the commercial side. Once created, Google could launch a quantum computing service via the cloud. Companies can also gain access to quantum technology without having to create a quantum computer.
IBM plans to have a 1,000-qubit quantum computer in the coming years. At present, IBM enables access to its machines if they are a part of its Quantum Network. Those that are part of the network include research organisations, universities, and laboratories. Microsoft also provides companies access to quantum technology via the Quantum platform. This is far from Google, which does not sell access to its quantum computers.
Quantum Computing Will Redefine the Future:
The benefits of quantum computing and its potential applications will radically alter the way we live and will come to define our future. The present focus on quantum decoding could upshot a country or corporation dominating the world until cryptographers can make encryption that even quantum computers can not break. This will lead the way to a cat and mouse game of technological advances which could have unpredictable advantages for the rest of the world.
The future world where everything is linked to the Internet of things will be controlled by quantum computers, meaning skies will be entirely of drones and roads full of driver-less automobiles all working optimally and without risk of accidents. It sounds amazing right?
Role of Quantum Stimulation: A future in which quantum computing can forecast accurately in large, complex systems will reduce the number of unknowns. This would eradicate motives for risk taking, especially in economical markets, and lessen the risk of another 2008 style economic crisis in the future.
The removal of undisclosed through quantum computer driven foretell could also mean that flights are never delayed or call off due to bad weather in the future, and could also allow public health departments to eliminate health issues like smoking and drastically improve our potential to combat viruses and genetic diseases.
Importantly, through quantum simulation & quantum computing processing, we could respond to some of the planet’s biggest complications, such as energy use and climate change. With all of the biggest companies in science and technology, including Google, Microsoft, IBM and Intel, racing to realize this theoretical potential, our future defined by quantum computing may begin any day now.
Quantum computing is unalike from classical computing in how it works and what it’s used for. Quantum computing uses qubits, which can be 1 or 0 at the same time, while classical computers use transistors, which can only be 1 or 0. As a result, quantum computing is much more significant and can be used for huge data analysis or simulations. However, there has not been a materialistic developed quantum computer yet. To know Mind-Blowing facts about Quantum Computing, Click Here.
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