Today in this article, we are going to discuss the ‘Dark Web – The Dark Side of the Internet’. The Dark Web is a decentralized network of Internet sites that routs all their communications across multiple servers and encrypts them at every step, trying to keep users as anonymous as possible. The term “Dark Web” describes encrypted internet material that is not regularly indexed by traditional search engines. The Dark Net is another name for it.
What are the Three Layers of the Web?
1. Surface Web: This is the top layer of the web and contains the information that a typical internet user may easily access using any browser or search engine. The layer where we all spend the majority of our time is also the safest of the three. It only covers 5% of the World Wide Web.
2. Deep Web: This web level is not fully accessible through standard search engines such as Google, Yahoo and Bing. Behind HTTP forms is where all the deep web’s content is concealed. The deep web is typically estimated to make up between 90 and 100 percent of the total internet.
3. Dark Web: Through the dark web, private computer networks can communicate and conduct business anonymously without divulging identifying information, such as a user’s location. It is a small aspect of the deep web. It contains about 5% of the total internet.
The dark Net is a hidden set of internet sites and only accessible by a specialized web browser. It is used to keep online activities secret and anonymous, which is useful for both legitimate and unlawful purposes. Even though some people use the internet to circumvent government censorship, it is also well recognized to be utilized for seriously illegal acts.
History of the Dark Web:
A network that is anonymous and encrypted can shield sensitive communications from American spies, a goal of two U.S. Defense Department research institutes in the late 1990s. They planned to create a secure network that would be encrypted and inaccessible to regular internet users.
The underlying notion behind the dark Net—an anonymous internet communication network—was expanded with the development of the ARPANET in the 1960s. The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network, or ARPANET, was an early version of the internet and the dark web that was built as an experimental computer network in the 1960s.
On March 20, 2000, with the release of “Freenet,” the black web or dark net was formally introduced. It is a P2P (Peer to Peer) and decentralized network that is made that way to make it less susceptible to assault and surveillance by governments and authorities.
One phrase that keeps coming up in discussions about the history of the dark Net is the TOR browser. It is a private network for viewing the internet and is currently the main gateway to the Dark Net. The TOR (The Onion Router) browser was finally made available to the public on September 20, 2002. With the introduction of the TOR browser, the entire Internet system was altered. It offers a setting where regular internet users can freely and secretly browse anything. The TOR browser now makes it simple for the average internet user to access the dark web.
Is It Illegal to Access the Dark Web?
No, that’s the reply. The use of the dark Net is not prohibited. Some applications even adhere to the “Dark Web” standard and are entirely lawful. Following are some advantages of using the internet in this situation: Virtually undetectable services and websites, with anonymized users. On the Dark Web, the majority of websites, however, engage in unlawful activity. Whether we should use the dark web will be discussed in this section.
Although using and surfing the dark web is entirely legal, in fact, it is largely used for criminal purposes. The state of affairs has gotten worse, according to a 2019 study called Into the Web of Profit by Dr. Michael McGuires at the University of Surrey. Since 2016, there are 20% more dark web lists that have the potential to hurt businesses.
Black markets and child pornography were the two significant types that were most frequently uploaded on Tor, according to a study done in December 2014 by Gareth Owen of the University of Portsmouth. The dark web is mostly used for the sale of illegal commodities like drugs, personal information, firearms, and products related to fraud and finance.
The Dark Net is steadily becoming the hub of criminal activity. It has evolved into a hub for intelligence gathering, propaganda, and most significantly, funding for terrorism. One can easily obtain drugs, weapons, credit card information, stolen personal information, cracked software, human organs, and professional murderers here for a variety of criminal uses.
Social media and the Dark Net are being used to smuggle human organs because of the low cost of the internet in few nations. However, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO) one of the most prominent organs traded illegally is the kidney. According to the report, more than one kidney is traded on the underground market every hour or 10,000 kidneys every year.
The dealer here works with cryptocurrency. Because it offers a straightforward way to identify and erase transaction records, it is well-liked on the Dark Net, and Bitcoin is one of the most widely utilized cryptocurrencies in the Dark Web Marketplace due to its versatility.
How to Access the Dark Web?
Contrary to popular belief, it’s really simple to access the Dark-Web. Downloading a dark web browser, such as the Tor browser, is all that is necessary. The Tor network browser allows the users to access the dark web and visit the websites with the ‘.onion’ registry operator.
Today, it is one of the easiest ways to access websites located on the Dark-Web. It is a Firefox-based online browser that protects user privacy, and it has more than a million users. It allows users to browse the web anonymously and makes IP addresses unidentifiable and untraceable as it routes your web page requests through a series of proxy servers operated by thousands of volunteers around the globe.
Whenever you want to download the TOR browser, at first you should cover your webcam lens because you are about to enter the dark world and you never know what might happen.
Advantages of Dark Web:
Here we will discuss some of the advantages of the Dark Web.
- People can protect their privacy and freely express their thoughts thanks to the dark web.
- Ability for users and providers to engage in illicit activity.
- The Dark Web can never be totally outlawed by the authorities.
- The difficulty of banning the dark web is one of its biggest advantages.
Disadvantages of Dark Web:
Here we will discuss some of the drawbacks of the Dark Web.
- The Dark-Web can be used to breach the privacy of others.
- Ordinary people are empowered by it, but some individuals will inevitably abuse that authority.
- The dark web is mostly utilized for the sale of illicit items like drugs and stolen personal information etc.
- It makes it easier to hire hackers or professional killers for illegal activities.
- It’s a hotbed for criminal activity.
Well first of all, I (the author) want to highlight that this post is intended solely for informational and educational purposes only. Yes, you read that correctly. Although accessing the Dark Web is not illegal, the majority of its websites engage in unlawful activity. That’s why I do not suggest you visit the web. So, stay away from it, read this essay, and exercise precaution. Hope You like this Article On ‘Dark Web – The Dark Side of Internet’. If you have any questions, Please Comment. Thank you. Here are the 10 Interesting Facts about Dark Web that you need to know.
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